What are the must-see places in Mexico?


Step into the enchanting land of Mexico, where every corner holds a secret and every experience leaves you with an unbeatable feeling! Whether it’s exploring centuries-old ruins or diving deep into the crystal clear waters of its majestic cenotes, there is no shortage of must-see places to uncover. From El Castillo in Chichén Itzá to the bustling city of Mérida, let us guide you through this incredible country and its rich history, culture, and natural beauty.

Mexico City

Mexico City is a place of captivating culture, vibrant people and Olympic hoopla. Embark on a journey into the heart of this magical city as we explore its illustrious past, its awe-inspiring present and its promising future. From the bustling streets to the ancient ruins, experience the wonders of what was once referred to as the “noble and great city” of Tenochtitlan. Discover how modern day Mexica have been able to preserve their rich history while also taking part in the global economy; understand how population growth has created a unique urban environment for producing services and goods; learn about the impressive feats achieved by Mexican Olympians; appreciate local crafts and traditions that make this land so vibrant; and finally relish in the beauty of Mexico City’s natural landscape from atop a mountain or within it’s lake Texcoco basin.

Overview of Mexico City

Introduction to Mexico City: Mexico City is the capital and most populous city of Mexico, as well as one of the alpha cities in the world. It is located in the Valley of Mexico on a high Mexican central plateau, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 feet) above sea level.

It is bordered by the states of México to the north-west and Puebla to the south-east.

Historical background of Mexico City: The city was originally founded as Tenochtitlan by the Mexica people in 1325 AD. It became the capital city for the Aztec Empire until 1521 when it fell into Spanish hands during their invasion and subsequent battle for control of what would become New Spain.

In 1810, during the Mexican War of Independence, Mexico City declared independence from Spanish rule and served as its own entity. The Constitution of 1824 designated it as the National Capital and later Olympic Games were even held there. The population has continued to grow since then.

Geographical location & climate of Mexico City: Located in North America, Mexico City lies within a valley on a central plateau at an elevation of 2,240 meters (7,350ft), surrounded by mountains and volcanoes that reach elevations of over 5,000 meters (16,400ft). Its climate is mostly temperate with average temperatures ranging from 5°C (41°F) in January to 29°C (84°F) in July.

Precipitation occurs mainly during June through August due to monsoons coming off the Gulf. On average, there are about four days per year where snow can be seen falling in some parts.

Population & growth of Mexico City: According to 2020 census data published by INEGI, Mexico City proper had 8,903,036 inhabitants living within its boundaries while Greater Mexico City’s total population was 21 million people making it one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. With an annual growth rate estimated at 3%, it is also one of the most populous cities worldwide.

Importance of Mexico City as capital: As a result of its historical significance and economic importance as both an international trade hub and a center for higher education, Mexico City holds a place important for both Mexicans and foreigners alike. The federal government in particular has placed great emphasis on developing this region into a modern metropolis and it serves as home to numerous foreign embassies.

Cultural significance: There are many cultural attractions throughout Mexico City such as museums and galleries displaying artwork from various eras and genres; performing arts venues such as theaters, opera houses or symphony orchestras; varied shopping districts; religious institutions particularly consecrated to Catholic worship; buildings constructed in different architectural styles from colonial times up until today; libraries housing valuable books; sports stadiums like Estadio Azteca which have hosted Olympiads and World Cup events; parks like Chapultepec Park which provide green spaces for leisure activities; schools such as UNAM or public universities fostering academic excellence; golf courses open to all ages; restaurants serving delicious local dishes prepared with fresh ingredients; neighborhood markets filled with colorful items to browse around; music festivals playing traditional songs native to this land or contemporary ones created especially for each occasion.


Landmarks & Attractions in Mexico City

Historic Sites: Mexico City’s historic sites are many and esteemed, including Templo Mayor, a grand pre-Columbian temple dedicated to the Aztec patron god of war; Chapultepec Castle, an imperial residence built in 1785 by order of Emperor Carlos IV which now serves as the National Museum of History; San Juan de Dios Market, a traditional market established in 1620 which is one of the oldest running businesses in America; Parque Hundido (Sunken Park), a sculpture park filled with interactive art pieces built over what used to be a lake.

Museums & Art Institutions: The city is known for its numerous and renowned museums such as Palacio de Bellas Artes, which exhibits some of the most famous works from Mexican artists like Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera; Museo Frida Kahlo, where visitors can find more than 4,000 personal items belonging to the iconic painter and other famous Mexican figures; and MUAC – Museo Universitario Arte Contemporáneo (University Museum of Contemporary Art) displaying a wide range of modern artwork.

Parks & Recreation Areas: Mexico City has an abundance of parks and green areas that offer great opportunities for outdoor recreation. One of the largest ones is Chapultepec Park located near downtown housing several important landmarks such as Chapultepec Castle mentioned above.

Other parks include Parque Tlalpan, situated in the south part of the city with bike lanes and lush vegetation ideal for picnics or jogging; Bosque de Aragón to the east featuring soccer fields, skate parks and basketball courts; Parque Nacional Desierto de los Leones in the west with trails suitable for hiking or horseback riding among others.

Architectural Landmarks: Mexico City boasts many beautiful architectural sights that showcase different styles across time such as Torre Latinoamericana, a 192 meter tall skyscraper constructed in 1956 right after World War II; Basilica de Santa Maria de Guadalupe considered one of the holiest Catholic churches in Latin America dating back to 1566 when it was destroyed by an earthquake before being completely reconstructed on its original site.


Lifestyle & Culture in Mexico City

Food & Cuisine: Food plays an important role within culture – especially Mexican culture – so no matter where you go in Mexico City you will find delicious dishes full of flavor that reflect this nation’s heritage. Typical cuisine includes tacos al pastor, pozole (soup made with hominy), enchiladas suizas (stuffed tortillas served with sour cream), chilaquiles (fried tortilla chips cooked with salsa) among other culinary delights.

Shopping & Entertainment: Shopping districts abound throughout Mexico City offering numerous options for entertainment such as theaters showcasing plays and musicals based off native scripts or international classic tales alike; concerts featuring local and foreign artists ranging from alternative rock to mariachi bands playing traditional tunes. Apart from these there are also cinemas that show recent films and operatic performances at venues such as Palacio de Bellas Artes.

Festivals & Events: Each year Mexico City hosts numerous festivals celebrating traditions both old and new giving opportunity for individuals to experience diverse cultural activities that embrace customs from all around the world.

Yucatan Peninsula

with its beautiful white-sand beaches, ancient Mayan ruins and mesmerizing natural scenery, the Yucatán Peninsula is a captivating region that draws in curious minds from around the world. Decades of exploration have unearthed many mysteries about this portion of Mexico, Belize and Guatemala – a land which was once populated by the Maya and conquered by Spanish conquistadors. From the bustling city of Cancún to the tranquil beachside town of Playa del Carmen, visitors can explore vibrant colonial architecture, marvel at still-standing Mayan cities like Tulum and Uxmal, dive into crystal-clear cenotes and uncover more clues behind one of our planet’s greatest civilizations. Come join us on this journey as we embark on an expedition to discover all the wonders that lay within this semi-tropical paradise!

Yucatan Peninsula: An Overview

The Yucatan Peninsula is one of the most stunning regions in the world, with beautiful beaches, lush jungles and diverse wildlife. Located in southeast Mexico and portions of Belize and Guatemala, the peninsula is home to a rich history and captivating culture that draws tourists from all over the globe.

1 Location and Geography

The Yucatan Peninsula is bordered by the Gulf of Mexico to the north and west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Belize and Guatemala to the south. The northern coastline stretches for 600 miles (965 kilometers) with many low-lying points and small islands, while the eastern coast consists of white sandy beaches and coral reefs.

Quintana Roo is a Mexican state which occupies much of the eastern half of the peninsula.

2 History and Culture

The ancient Maya civilization inhabited much of what is now called the Yucatan Peninsula as early as 1550 BCE. This region was deeply impacted by Spanish colonization beginning in the 16th century CE; their language, religion, lifestyle, and culture were heavily influenced by this period in time.

Since then, many people of Mayan descent still live in traditional communities across the region—some living exactly how their ancestors have for centuries. There are several contemporary Mayan villages throughout the Yucatan Peninsula where visitors can learn about indigenous practices including open-air markets selling traditional crafts such as hand-weaved baskets, clay pots, jewelry, toys, clothing, spices, and medicinal plants.

3 Tourism and Attractions

The Yucatan Peninsula has long been a popular tourist destination due to its natural beauty and abundance of attractions. Visitors flock to major resort towns such as Cancun on the northeastern coast for its luxurious resorts, white sand beaches, turquoise waters, vibrant nightlife, shopping malls with designer stores, golf courses, theme parks, lively bars, beach clubs, restaurants serving international cuisine—the list goes on!

Playa del Carmen offers a more laid back atmosphere with great snorkeling spots at Playacar Reef; Tulum boasts fabulous archaeological sites like Chichen Itza or Coba; Merida features colonial architecture with impressive churches like San Juan de Dios Cathedral if you’re looking for something more cultural.

Of course no trip to this tropical paradise would be complete without exploring its wild side: take your pick between jungle trekking or caving through underground rivers in Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve; spotting sea turtles nesting on Holbox Island; marveling at flamingos wading along Rio Lagartos wetlands; kayaking through Celestun’s mangrove forests—all waiting for you.

Exploring the Yucatan Peninsula

1 Major Cities and Towns

  • Merida: Merida is often referred to as “The White City” due to its whitewashed colonial buildings located in downtown Plaza Grande district. This is both an economic hub for business activity as well as a cultural center offering a plethora of museums showcasing local artistry.
  • Cancun: Gateway to Riviera Maya—designated as one of Latin America’s top tourist destinations—Cancun boasts world-class resorts as well as a lively nightlife scene that runs till the wee hours of the morning.
  • Playa del Carmen: This vibrant coastal town is known for its chic style and vibrant beachfront restaurants. Home to some of the best beaches in the region, it’s no surprise Playa del Carmen remains one of the most popular tourist destinations around.
  • Tulum: Located just south of Cancun, Tulum is a picturesque beach destination with stunning white sand beaches. This area is also home to incredible Mayan ruins that will leave you awe-struck.

2 Natural Wonders


  • Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve: Situated at the very tip of Quintana Roo, this UNESCO World Heritage Site has become a must-see destination for eco-tourists and nature lovers alike. Filled with lush rainforest vegetation, mangrove forests, coral reefs, and an abundance of wildlife—the Sian Ka’an offers something unique every day.


  • Holbox Island: Just north of Cancun, rests Holbox Island—an underrated secluded island paradise with unspoiled beaches and exquisite wildlife. Holbox is known for its many bird species and crystal clear waters that make up a kaleidoscope of colours depending on the time of day and angle of sunlight.


  • Rio Lagartos: Located on Mexico’s northern Yucatan coast, Rio Lagartos is well known for its large population of pink flamingos along with its natural salt flats which attract numerous tourists every year. The town itself is small but offers plenty of activities such as fly fishing, bird watching, kayaking, boat tours and more!


  • Celestun: Celestun is a peaceful village located near Merida where visitors can experience great ecotourism opportunities to explore its biosphere reserve packed with exotic flora and fauna.

3 Adventure and Outdoor Activities


  • Diving/Snorkeling: Yucatan Peninsula’s shallow reef systems have corals in excellent condition due to their intense turquoise colored waters rich in plankton. Take a dive to explore the second largest coral reef in the world – Great Mayan Reef– or take a snorkel adventure along the coastline to experience beautiful colorful tropical fish.


  • Jungle Trekking: Experience one-of-a-kind adventure exploring the jungle by foot or off-road vehicle (ATV). From swimming in hidden cenotes or cave diving through underground rivers, canoeing through mangroves teeming with birds inland; you won’t be short of activities here!


  • Water sports : If you ‘ re looking for a bit more activity , why not try your hand at some water sports ? Kayaking , paddleboarding , sailing , windsurfing , kitesurfing , fishing — all available along gorgeous Yucatan coastlines .

Practical Information for Travelers

1 Transportation and Getting Around


  • Airports : Cancun International Airport is the largest in the region offering direct international flights . Merida International Airport is the second – largest airport where you can find domestic flights mainly from Mexico City . The other airports within the Yucatan Peninsula are Mérida, Playa del Carmen, Cozumel and Chetumal .


  • Public transportation : Buses are the most common form of public transport across the Yucatan Peninsula as well as taxi services , both of which offer reasonable prices depending on route and distance . Renting a car is also an option if you want to explore further out areas that may not be easily accessible by public transport .

2 Accommodation and Dining


  • Accommodation: The Yucatan Peninsula offers a variety of accommodation options ranging from seafront resorts with all-inclusive packages to cozy beachfront villas or even budget hostels for those traveling on a tight budget.


  • Popular Areas: Cancun is the busiest city in the region, offering plenty of restaurants, bars, and nightclubs. Playa del Carmen is known for its chic vibe and vibrant nightlife, while Tulum is ideal for beachgoers looking for a laid-back atmosphere.


  • Dining : A visit to Yucatan Peninsula would not be complete without sampling local cuisine — tacos al pastor ( marinated pork ) , sopa de lima ( lime soup ) , cochinita pibil ( slow – cooked pork ) , panuchos ( tortillas filled with beans ) are just some popular dishes worth trying . There ‘ s something for everyone here whether it ‘ s gourmet dining at fancy restaurants or street food at any time of day.

3 Safety and Health


  • Safety tips : Keep your belongings safe at all times ; refrain from flashing large amounts of cash in public ; observe traffic laws when driving ; keep aware of your surroundings and avoid walking alone at night ; never leave drinks unattended in bars or clubs ; wear sunscreen when outdoors .


  • Vaccinations and health precautions : It’s important to consult with your doctor before travelling about recommended vaccinations and preventative medicines including malaria medication and yellow fever vaccine . Be sure to drink only bottled water while in Mexico to ensure proper hygiene .


  • Emergency services : In case of emergency dial 911 for medical assistance or 066 for police assistance in Mexico .

Baja California

Imagine a place where the rolling hills of the desert meet the sea on the horizon, with lush oak forests and sunny coastlines along a length of Pacific shoreline – it’s nothing like you’ve ever seen before. Welcome to Baja California, an expansive cultural landscape stretching from the northwestern tip of Mexico through the upper reaches of Arizona, all the way down to its southernmost tip in San Diego. From its historic Spanish settlements and Franciscan missions to modern-day tourist areas and sprawling cities, this vast region has something for everyone. This article aims to explore the many facets that make up Baja California’s unique culture and heritage – so read on for an unforgettable journey!

Baja California: An Overview

Introduction to Baja California

Baja California is a Mexican state located on the northwestern edge of Mexico, just south of the U. S.

state of Arizona and bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of California.

It covers an area of 71, 448 km2 (27,644 sq mi) and is widely considered one of the most beautiful regions in all of North America.

The region has been inhabited by indigenous peoples for many centuries, with some archaeological finds dating back thousands of years.

Historical Background of Baja California

The history and culture of Baja California can be divided into several distinct periods, beginning with Spanish exploration and control through to its independence from Mexico and eventual absorption into the United States.

Spanish Exploration and Control

In 1539, Spanish explorer Francisco Vázquez de Coronado led an expedition into present-day northern Mexico and founded a settlement at Rosario (now San Pedro Mártir).

This was followed by further expeditions by other explorers such as Alonso de Córdoba in 1602, who founded a military post at San Felipe near Puerto Ojo Frío (modern-day Guerrero Negro), and Sebastián Vizcaíno in 1603.

By 1768, Spanish Franciscan missionaries had established a chain of missions along the coasts of what are now Alta California (present-day US states of California and Oregon), Baja California (Mexico) and Sonora (also present-day Mexico).

i Mexican Independence and the Californias

In 1821, Mexico declared its independence from Spain, leading to the dissolution of the colonial governments in Alta and Baja California.

In 1836, Alta and Baja were organized as two separate territories called Las Californias, with Alta governed from Monterey in modern day US state of California, while Baja was governed from La Paz in modern day Mexico’s Baja California Sur.

ii U.S. Control and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

In 1846, following the outbreak of war between the United States and Mexico, U.S forces seized control of AltaCalifornia without resistance.

Two years later, after suffering heavy losses in their war with Mexico, American negotiators secured peace through a treaty that also included the transfer of territorial sovereignty over AltaCalifornia to the United States under the terms set out in Article XI of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

Alta California became part of the United States as the state of California in 1850, and Baja California became Mexico’s 31st state in 1853, separated from its northern sister on a line determined by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

Similar Posts